The North and South Hemisphere in 2009 and other articles of 2009

Hamid Sadeghipour

                                                     12.12.2009

While the winter is near in Northern Hemisphere, the summer is near in Southern Hemisphere. The heat increases specially in equator and affects magma convection toward South Pole. I proposed in my last articles you can dig wells to release heat. I explain some other aspects to clear this subject. I observed in a high mountain some slide and what appeared under the slide part. Two side by side heart shape casts. The source, where coordinates are zero, was in down side. When you arose with a hose you place your finger as an obstacle to increase the pressure and orient the flow of water. It is the same in these hearts. Some big rocks are placed on the source or the hole of the lance. Maybe unsolved in the magma due to chemical composition. The magma had come up in 3 channels in each heart. But at the end was reaching again a hard layer and stopped before reaching outside. It seams to me the magma is far out of our reach now. But by what I explain, might be a solution. Please, take as an example Raoul Island, in the north of New Zealand and the waves hit the coast. Certainly, Raoul Island is a volcanic Island. Some magma is under the island, like a usual glass thermometer with alcohol reservoir. It is interesting to know if you have a regular noise over a wave the wave has a small increment in some point. Then waves as a regular noise in some moment increase the action of magma column that could be dissipated or causing earthquake. This can as well become a source of a lance and creating a heart. In some point of this heart we will have an earthquake. Everywhere we have to have the ready wells to dissipate the surging energy, producing electricity or just release of energy.

Another point is that on 13th January 2010, on

noon, 5  planet plus moon will be present all over our head in the sky, from west to east. It is clear, from several days before, and days after they are partially present in the sky. Only, it is to take care for the installations, if any.

Hamid Sadeghipour

                                                                                                               8 Dec. 2009

It seems to me, my last article, though human and just an urgent solution is confronted with a lot of misunderstanding. I said it is a good thing to leave tree trunks held with a rope along the river coasts. The wood has good ability to accept the water pressure, but it does not mean you can not use other material like soft plastics, or nanotechnology to macro technology products like big macromolecules or cells to absorb the pressure and release, when pressure is relieved.

 

 

Hamid Sadeghipour

                                               05.12.2009

Due to recent earthquakes in Turkey and Greece I have to remind you, again, it is winter and glacial water. If you look to recent Turkey earthquakes you can see the trace of rivers and agricultural lands. Water due to full moon rises and rivers have more volume of water. The weather is cold and water increase volume between 1 and 4 degree centigrade. The solution could be to bound the trunks of the trees and fix it in the river littorals with ropes. It avoids the water volume increase pressure the littorals and cause earthquakes. We can not warm winters, without a global drought or flood all over the world.

 

 

Hamid Sadeghipour

                                                 11.11.2009

Scientific American has reported: “some tremors may be aftershocks of bigger earthquakes that occurred hundreds of years ago, researchers say”. Big conflicts and wars as well might influence us and present conflicts might be troublesome in future. Pollution control is a duty and needs good intentions. There are some earthquakes that might be caused by some waste water produced by some units of an industrial city. Or intake of chemical fertilizers in rivers or underground water and even transfer of these solutions to higher lands by capillarity of the soil that might be a volcanic land. The accumulation of the chemicals in some point might change the behavior of the soil and ends by an earthquake. They might be weak for moment but in long term might become dangerous. For example the waste material made by nanotechnology in the nature might produce an impermeable layer and hurting in different aspects unless, for example, we collect them and burn them as recycling. We have to recycle what might endanger us and do not let them go to some wells or running water without refining. Or leave them in nature without special attention. It is not a fault, but might affect the faults.

 

Hamid Sadeghipour

                                                                              05.11.2009

I received an alert from EMSC about earthquake of south mid-west of Greece of magnitude 5.9. I believe many countries have developed several systems to monitor earthquakes like Tomography offered by some Greek institute. When you empty the air from a balloon there is no more pressure inside it. It is the same for earthquakes. We have a silence and calm before a storm and then storm. We have some quiet days before an earthquake and after release of the energy again the calm. One of the sources of activity is the same as the sun activity usually happening in mid-latitude (from Greece to Sichuan-Gansu China). Some others are hot spots. The magnitude depends on permeability of the layers magma comes up through. Another aspect is the geology of the region: “the geology of the Mediterranean involves the break up and the collision of the African and Eurasian tectonic plates”( from internet). There is a fractal aspect in earthquakes. The last earthquake in south mid-west of Greece is on a curve like a hearth passing from Hindu-Kush area. Again the shape of the earthquakes of last week in Greek area is like a hearth. Only the north east of Greek area is empty from earthquakes. Why? You saw certainly in movies comedy or action, some one pull a narrow carpet from under the foot of another and causes to make him fall. As we had broken up in Mediterranean basin, some part has fallen down to north east. It caused the Greek area become unbalanced in the south and becomes a plateau. The weight of this fallen part covered the region and pushed down the magma, why this region is colder than southern part and magma has more trouble to come up. But it comes up easier in the south as it was pushed in the north east of the region. The solution to Greek earthquakes is to drill wells or a well deep in the south of Istanbul region and control the heat of this well and even produce carefully electricity if necessary. I think I won’t write on EMSC alert unless really necessary.

 

 

Hamid Sadeghipour

                                                                                    02/11/2009

The recent South Eastern Tehran earthquakes around Garmsar road show us that by the end of summer and beginning of cold weather the magma activities  are in their beginning and the end in our region. But, there is a small mountain in that area. We have Tehran Cement factory and his mine there, and this mountain could become a danger. This mountain is located on a very low slope toward Tehran and had already some slide in the past. Therefore, it is necessary to dig some wells in the east margin of this mountain and fill inside them with an armed concrete. This will prevent the slide of this mountain. It is possible to dig some other wells to exhaust the heat. It is necessary to take care and handle the case carefully. This case could be applied to other regions as well.

 

 

Hamid Sadeghipour

                                                                            30.10.2009

Yesterday I received another alert from EMSC, about Hindu Kush earthquake with magnitude 6. Today we had Ryukyu-Japan earthquake south of Japan in the sea with magnitude 6.9. I explained you two times in my recent articles about a curve like a heart with the tip on the zero of a coordinate system. The coordinate are on x-axis, the angle the liquid is going out from a lance, and y-axis the logarithm of outside pressure to inside pressure of lance. If you take the eruption of magma with zero coordinate somehow in South Pole and another in nearly north pole you can see the lance of south pole has strong activity and several semi-strong earthquake in north of Australia, New Zealand and south of Indonesia. The lance of North Pole lances semi-strongly in Hindu Kush, Bhutan, and Ryukyu, and Sichuan-Gansu border region, China. We can make big tunnels or roads construction, .. for the tectonics plates as we might do for faults that are smaller. But we have to take care for release of energy they can accumulate. As we have protected land and area for wild life, we need some protected lands and area for seismic activities to allow earth to release energy without burden.    

    

Hamid Sadeghipour

                                                                                             25.10.2009

The European Mediterranean Seismological Center has sent me an alert about Hindu Kush Earthquake of 6.2 magnitudes of 22nd October. It could mean they might ask my Idea about it. It might be interesting to mention that Hindu Kush in Farsi might mean the mountains killing Hindus (people of India). India is flat almost and warm. And Hindu Kush is very cold in winter. It means the conditions for life is the most important thing to beings. The nature of this earthquake is the same as Banda Sea recent earthquake with magnitude of 7.2. Balkh city on the crater of an ancient volcano shows the strong activity of this subduction zone in the past. Now it is less active to produce only earthquakes instead of eruptions. The plate’s tectonics plus action of the moon and planets are the cause of this earthquake and in the long term these activities might affect everywhere unless we release the energy in some manner. There is some fiction good to say: as it is said the human civilizations were developed in river sides. If we take magma flowing inside the earth, maybe in some parts of the earth, like blood is flowing in blood vessels in the body, some creatures could find some kind of living and as the earth cools down their domain is bigger now. They might have their civilization. We try to contact other civilizations and under our own neat foot we ignore them. They might come out on coast of Hawaii as in the warm water they might survive. They might travel to hot regions of the world, even out of the solar system. I hope you enjoyed from this science fiction story.

 

 

 

Hamid Sadeghipour

                                               19.10.2009

The geology of Alborz and Zagros chains is out of the scope of this article, but, it is necessary to study one aspect. It seems to me Alborz chain is formed from two parts of northern and southern. The edge of the northern part is gone under southern part and two old volcanoes could be seen on this edge of subduction. If we agree that Zagros has been separated from Alborz, some lands have come up in between, or some piece or pieces of land are introduced in between that are hard. When tectonics forces gradually forced Alborz from south, the southern part of Alborz has mounted more on northern part, and due to hardness of the piece of land between two chains, the southern part on his edge with this hard land has began to break. If the soil was soft like fingers in soft soil it could go down easily, but, all over this edge, Alborz chain has many broken parts in southern part between Sabalan and Damavand old volcanoes with too much soil particles and small stones covering and hiding the frontiers or edges of these broken parts, that’s why hidden edges are not visible now. One solution to fix soil is to build piles in the soil. It should be obliged for every one constructing a building to make one or several piles under building as usually they dig a small well for wastes in semi dry regions( of course, nowadays, the waste water network is developing fast). It is necessary to build piles in the edges of these broken parts. Therefore these parts will have less movement toward each other. Of course, sometimes, these parts have several hundred meters height, but these operations might avoid the falling down of the edges that might excite or trigger another earthquake. Even, it is possible to dig some short tunnels in these frontiers and fill the tunnels with concrete. The experts can propose more projects. The three earthquakes of Ray, Tehran and Damavand happened, one after another, from south to north, on the edges of some of these broken parts. These earthquakes with reducing intensity, transferred from edges

to edges to north. T5herefore the fault on east of Messgarabad could be important and useful to work on it. They can begin the construction of a military installation. The Moon and two planets, with tectonics pressures from Saudi Arabia plate all together forced these earthquakes to happen. With some prevention we might reduce the earthquake intensity.

 

Hamid Sadeghipour

                                                                           2 Oct.2009

Due to the presence of the moon and Jupiter, nearly side by side, during last week in the night sky, the recent strong earthquakes of Indonesia and Samoa were expected. Even some American experts relate Sierra earthquakes in North America to Samoa earthquakes. You can see on the world natural map, New Zealand has separated from Australia and this separation is to the north with some nuances beside China to Sakhalin .  In Samoa , two parts of the pacific overlap each other and form a triangle. The weather around this part of the year emphasized the tide due to Moon-Jupiter. If you see the map of weather pressure around the world you see the pressure over Australia is reducing. For ocean currents, they become less strong as the temperature is increasing in southern hemisphere. In the Venturi tube as velocity drops, pressure drops. We have tide effects and less pressure in the middle between Indonesia and Samoa . Land comes up and two other sides want to sink, Samoa and Indonesia . Increasing pressure on tectonics continents borders.  It shows we have to take care about weather pressures and currents as the factors for predicting such events and alerting the populations. Some regions do not have a low pressure right now but they have to take care if they have assembly of planets and low pressure. In the USA we have a gap near the west coast as well that may unbalance some piece of land and force the earth in Sierra.

Hamid Sadeghipour

                                                                 19.09.09

Nowadays, we use the following devices to study particles behavior or heating plasma. But, we do not use as an atomic energy producer. Uranium like petroleum has limited resources and soon we have to find new resources. The following is a brief explanation of two kinds of devices:

Cyclotron

Physicists use particle accelerators to study the nature of matter and energy. The massive machines accelerate charged particles (ions) through an electric field in a hollow, evacuated tube, eventually, to collide each ion with a stationary target or another moving particle. Scientists analyze the results of the collisions, attempting to probe the interactions governing the subatomic world. (The collision point is usually located in a bubble chamber, a device that records the tracks of ionizing particles as rows of tiny bubbles in a liquid-filled chamber.) The paths of the accelerating particles may be straight, spiral, or circular. Both the cyclotron (spiral path) and the synchrotron (circular path) use an increasingly strong magnetic field to control the paths of particles. Although smashing particles may initially appear to be an odd technique of studying them, particle accelerators have enabled scientists to learn more about the subatomic world than any other device.

Gyrotron

The gyrotron is a type of free electron maser (microwave amplification by stimulated emission of radiation). It has high power at millimeter wavelengths because its dimensions can be much larger than the wavelength, unlike conventional vacuum tubes, and it is not dependent on material properties, as are conventional masers. The bunching depends on a relativistic effect called the Cyclotron Resonance Maser instability. The electron speed in a gyrotron is slightly relativistic (comparable to but not close to the speed of light). This contrasts to the free electron laser (and xaser) that work on different principles and which electrons are highly relativistic.

Gyrotrons are used for many industrial and high technology heating applications. For example, gyrotrons are used in nuclear fusion research experiments to heat plasmas, and also in manufacturing industry as a rapid heating tool in processing glass, composites, and ceramics, as well as for annealing (solar and semiconductors). Additionally, years of testing by the U.S. military has led to the development of a weapon system intended for non-lethal crowd control called the Active Denial System, which delivers a sensation of intense heat to its target using a directional beam of energy.

 We can use the emitter or the source of particles a pump for pumping the metallic powder through the path. We can wire or use laminated special metals, around a round or square shape of a metallic tube to accelerate these metallic powder. At the end of tube we can conduct these metallic particles to a tube of water. The collision of this metallic powder with water heat the water and we can use this water like hot water of installations or water vapor for producing electricity. We can install

  

I can not insert the drawing. Please, if you interest yourself to it, email me to:

hamidsaadeghipour@yahoo.com

 

a pump to pump water to a tower and a pump after a deviating transformer for collecting the metallic powder to recycle. This is only a proposed scheme. Maybe by experimenting such a devices, we increase efficiency of a non-Uranium or radioactive atomic energy. We can construct for each small city one such a device to produce hot water under the city streets and even houses and administrative buildings.

Hamid Sadeghipour

I have to mention, as a reminder, we have to take care of a two edges of the blade: cold and warm weather. Around the year 2012 we might have hot weather and several fires and earthquake around the world we have to release energy and prepare ourselves by having wells ready for pumping heat and making energy to use elsewhere.

. Around the year 2017 we might have cold weather and several freezing around the world we have to supply energy and prepare ourselves by constructing small pipes over the fuel transport or warm water pipes under the streets. Maybe, some cities have such installations but, if some have not, should be ready. Even wrapping the trees, after pruning, during the winter could be necessary. Therefore balancing this energy during next decade is vital.

 

Hamid Sadeghipour

                                                                             12.09.2009

And god corrects us.

Cooking lesson

When you would like a fruit, but, you do not want to eat it, you can make syrup of it. First you place the fruit in metal bowl and add water and sugar enough to cook it and as you would like it. You cook till you have uncolored fruit. You filter the content of bowl and again you boil it to be more concentrated. You can add aromatic substances as well. Almost the flame for cooking is round. You see when it is boiling depending the intensity of flame, some light slag form around the bowl. You see a ring of boiling syrup placed over the flame under the bowl. The slag could be between this ring and bowl body, or inside the ring. This is what we see in the golf of California and later in Taiwan flood. Or the passed disastrous flood in New Orleans. The Pacific Ocean induced or independently the same happened to Mediterranean Sea. This is a general phenomenon; all countries should take part and reduce the impact of it. There should be an international program of drilling and heat transfer control, if we want to stay safe from big earthquake and flood, like what happened in Istanbul, Athena, Los Angeles, or Taiwan recently. Scientific American Journal writes we need special pumps to use magma power. We know Russians has gone down up to 7 miles and Germen up to 14 km. the problem is plasticity of rocks in 10 km deep inside the earth. We do not need more than 100 degree centigrade to send pure water down and take water vapor up the pumps installed in upper part of the pipe we use for pumping water vapor. We should use a pipe closed at the end like a measuring cylinder in laboratory to send down water and a pipette like tube inside it to pump the water vapor. Of course, several pumps are needed to bring up the vapor. You can as well use some lift mechanism to send down the water if you think it might explode.

The problem is not the ability of exploitation but energy balance. You know according to the theory of magma, magma in one point comes up and in some other point goes down. In Athena comes up in Istanbul goes down. The distance of Athena to Los Angeles is 5xe times of Athena to Istanbul. I found some years ago that the wave length is 35 km in some regions.

Maybe, a remark could be useful. When you have several of these planets over our head, magma comes up like the sea tide. 1- It heats up the region it is under and might bring fire to forest or shrubs. 2- Moves loose mountains. 3- Bring up the land over itself and makes earthquake. 4- Goes down and cool fast the region over it and produce some floods. 5- Slowly come up like Beijing and later generalize a waste region like Sichuan. 6- Its general convection in upper mantel and its impact over tectonic plates that is very important.

 

Hamid Sadeghipour

                                                                           29 August 2009

Jupiter and Moon are on the night sky for a while and some others in the day sky with Sun, but, we see only the Sun. In an earthquake report , from some Greek institute, we could see they have found the plane of Center of Moment Tensors and comparing with the plane of the Fault. More deep is the focal point of an earthquake occurrence; it is far from the plane of a fault. As the heat of magma burns what is above it, the soil structure becomes more light and vulnerable to collapse, as gases evaporate. When the planets are near each others they place a force on the crest of the Earth. On the crest we have loose mountains formed on the surface of the Earth. They can move and make earthquakes. On the other hands, these planets pull the magma as well. Like the tide acts on the seas and oceans. The difference is the solidification of magma, even few, before going down. And little by little the soil structure is more vulnerable and magma comes up. This phenomenon is like dual aspect of light. Particles moving like waves. Mountains in astronomical units are particles and magma inside the earth emits waves. I would like to refer to California State and the North of Los Angeles city fire. To avoid such fire, we have to map the magma movements, specially, when we have the assembling of planets. The last day China and Banda Sea strong earthquakes happened during the day when we could not see the planets in the sky. Of course we have friction of the fault two parts, but when you see some pictures that fire is on a crater like area, what it could be? Anyhow it is good to have some wells having a connection, even in the hard rocks, and by vacuum pumps, releasing the heat out of the area under fire, through these wells. We should have such facilities near the big cities before fire destroys them.  

 

 

 

Hamid Sadeghipour

                                                   24 Aug. 09

It seems to me the Greece woods fire is due to excessive heat accumulated under the Earth. If you have ships with reservoirs and pumps and know hydrothermal region beside the sea, please go and pump hot water.

It weakens the energy of the regions under fire, and , then, empty these hot water in cooler region of the sea or ocean. It can be true for everywhere around the world. Even in the land by pumping the hot water in tankers and emptying in other regions or even power plants far from fire could help to extinguish fires in shrubs and woods.

The main problem is uncontrollable pumping that may result to shrinkage of the region and producing earthquakes.

 

Hamid Sadeghipour 4 August 2009 I had a look to the Google maps of some regions.

It seems to me there are old land slides of the mountain. these pieces of moved mountains are moving a little bit.

If you can send a bulldozer to make an embankment over to make a wall against the movement, would help and prevent the region from some stronger earthquake. now the planets are moving close to each other in some degree and might cause some tide and lifting the loose stones. it might move some part of the mountain stronger and create a cascade of movements. For example you can see the strong earthquake of Golf of California and undersea movements.

Hamid Sadeghipour

                                                                                                                                                          24.07.2009

Though, the development of the general science, management science, we see the world in unrest, economical crisis or in the fire, like Marseille in France. I mention you some points for a better apprehending of the situations. When we study a phenomenon in the science like physics, we try to generalize the results. It is for avoiding repeated works on the same subject. We use analogy, inductive reasoning, and more complicated theoretical methods. The second thing is simplicity; we simplify to see the subject more clearly. There is several way of simplification. We can study only one part of an object having a several symmetrical part and eliminate similar parts when possible. Ease of use; we have to offer easy methods more people can try it. Producing more cheap to make it available to more people.

When we see the natural map of Europe, it is easy to see the earthquake of a point near Duisburg, in Germany, is on the same fault passing through Marseille. Eastern part pushes against western part and we have an earthquake in Germany and a fire in Marseille and a little bit further in the Nord of Marseille, in Vosges, a less strong earthquake.

When I was travelling along a road east of Tehran, I saw a small mountain with layers of sediments perpendicular to horizontal line. The layers are deposed horizontally over each other and are parallel to horizontal line. How they become vertical?

We have two mechanisms in the faults, or two parts of the fault are separating from each other, either they are pushing toward each other. I do not take other possibilities. When they are separating from each other, more space is available for the mountains leaning on one of these parts. If this separation is very slow, we can see a geological structure is moving slowly as well without destruction. This fault is prone to penetration of magma, and friction heat as well. We have in these region weak earthquakes from time to time. It is clear there is a fault under this small mountain.

The solution could be constructing a road with building a bridge made of steel cords and hanging out weights at the end of this steel ropes. Movement of up and down by these weights might show the extent of activity of this fault.

It is the same for Marseille, there is a fault, underground fault, and we see fire along it. We have to dig wells along this fault and release, the heat. Now that fire has devastated the region, the geological structures are more visible. Of course, new technologies allow us to determine these underground faults as well. Anyhow, regions prone to fire, sometimes, could be recognized by simple and cheap methods. Economically, we have to develop easy to use and cheap products for the survival of the society. It is clear a wheel of an ancient carriage is not the same as a wheel of a modern car.

Hamid Sadeghipour

                                                                   Date: 07/07/2009

 

Building a rather big model of an alarming device when earthquakes happen is very easy. It is enough to hang up a pendulum from a up side down metallic L, shape. You can make it by welding two iron rods and welding a metallic hook at the end. You place the end of the pendulum inside a fixed metallic tube. Then, you solder two wires to tube and pendulum and two other sides to a siren or alarm bell electric part. You can build several devices with different tube sizes, each for Richter intensity. Of course, for 5 Richter intensity, pendulums of 3,4,5 richter intensity give alarm simultaneously.

The function is as follows: the compressional waves P (primary) is traveling 1.7 times secondary waves and arrive sooner to a point near the earthquake center. As the P waves are less destructive than S waves and arrive sooner they are good alarms, but this happens, maybe, 30 seconds before arrival of S waves. Almost, this is not enough time to move and specially for apartments. Anyhow, two important results are:

1-  If you receive several alarms in a short period of time, it could be a sign of a stronger earthquake. In volcanoes, there is an exhaust way, By the earthquakes, if the vent is close, will be open and earthquakes become stronger to open it, and volcanoes erupts. But, sometimes, the magma does not come up enough and only produces energy. And earthquakes could be frequent and it could be a sign of a stronger earthquake. I mentioned it in my article about one of Peking city seismological stations very quite activity for about two years in the Sichuan earthquake article. This activity ended by Sichuan earthquake.

2-  You can connect the electric part of this alarm to very expensive or vital devices, if you can predict the next one could be strong to cut off the electricity or closing automatic valves.

                    

Hamid Sadeghipour Date: 07/07/2009

Building a rather big model of an alarming device when earthquakes happen is very easy. It is enough to hang up a pendulum from a up side down metallic L, shape. You can make it by welding two iron rods and welding a metallic hook at the end. You place the end of the pendulum inside a fixed metallic tube. Then, you solder two wires to tube and pendulum and two other sides to a siren or alarm bell electric part. You can build several devices with different tube sizes, each for Richter intensity. Of course, for 5 Richter intensity, pendulums of 3,4,5 richter intensity give alarm simultaneously. The function is as follows: the compressional waves P (primary) is traveling 1.7 times secondary waves and arrive sooner to a point near the earthquake center. As the P waves are less destructive than S waves and arrive sooner they are good alarms, but this happens, maybe, 30 seconds before arrival of S waves. Almost, this is not enough time to move and specially for apartments. Anyhow, two important results are: 1- If you receive several alarms in a short period of time, it could be a sign of a stronger earthquake. In volcanoes, there is an exhaust way, By the earthquakes, if the vent is close, will be open and earthquakes become stronger to open it, and volcanoes erupts. But, sometimes, the magma does not come up enough and only produces energy. And earthquakes could be frequent and it could be a sign of a stronger earthquake. I mentioned it in my article about one of Peking city seismological stations very quite activity for about two years in the Sichuan earthquake article. This activity ended by Sichuan earthquake. 2- You can connect the electric part of this alarm to very expensive or vital devices, if you can predict the next one could be strong to cut off the electricity or closing automatic valves.

 

Hamid Sadeghipour  

                                                                            

                                                            -1-                                   08/01/2009

I was looking to Karim Khan Zand small Castle in a recent business trip to Shiraz, the center of Fars Province, Iran. In the upper part of the walls there were some damages due to rain, and there was some repairs. The shape of repairs was like the shape of a heart but downward, large part on top and the tip under it. You see on the top of the wall, external pressure is very high related to internal pressure. And on the tip, quite inside the wall, outside and external pressure is zero. When I examined the Papua earthquake I understood how to explain the situation in Papua earthquake, Indonesia.

I have to remind you some paragraph from one of my articles about gas behavior with supersonic speed. It is related to shock phenomena in the real gases with supersonic speed. This pattern is like the symbol of heart with the summit on the center of coordination axes and the horizontal line parallel to the ex.’s-axe but without the ripple. Some explanation could be useful. You have seen certainly the sprayer to spray water over the leaves of flower-pot vegetables, sprayer for pest control or pest control lancers. They are used to spray liquids with the angles near the right angle to surface of orifice of sprayer. But in the case of lancers you can adjust this angle and it can be closed and narrow like a bud or open like a flower blossom. Now we suppose the measurement of this angle over ex.’s-axe and if we divide the pressure of the liquid outside the orifice of the lancers to pressure of the liquid inside the tank and take the logarithm of this division and take this number over y’s-axe the pattern of heart are produced every time we have shock. Anytime we have only a sole pressure outside the lancer orifice, there are no shocks. When the speed of the liquid outside the orifice is high, the air is compressed and two pressures are produced creating a shock. For example, sometimes, the pressure of magma under the ocean floor is   increased and a shock appears causing some earthquake. We see a lot of slides due to pressure on the upper part and lack of pressure on tip.

If you see the western part of Papua like the head of a dinosaur, it has slide from northern part. If you see the under sea map of the region there is a slide channel showing the western part of Papua has slide down and turned left. The bigger part of the Papua body (eastern part) has slide from north east of the region. These two parts are now neighbors coming from two different regions. Certainly there was some impact to the earth that caused such slides. Before these slides,

                                                         -2-

 

we had volcanoes active on the base of these seas. The slides went over these volcanoes and you see some obstructions. It is advisable again Indonesians drill deep wells to release energy. Some people believe the Earthquakes are periodic due to periodic activities of the earth and inevitable. If we try to release these energies slowly and calmly, we will have a more quiet earth.

This year is the 60th anniversary of Gandhi. He believed   we should have a negative resistance toward violence and avoiding contribution to violence and destruction. Nowadays, modern thinker believe we should have a positive point of view toward others and nature. Look at the complex numbers, two conjugate ones, they are not real and one is negative and the other positive without having a sense into reality. Multiplying them you have real numbers you can count and materialize.

Sometimes we see slides and the epicenter is on left slide channel and not under the sliding part. It is believable if you release energy by drilling deep wells on the sliding part it could be better. I saw such slide in one of Khoy earthquake in Iran. You can find a lot of examples.

Even in the north of Tehran you can see sliding part that working over can allow us to live longer without earthquakes. Please, take care of energy balance.

 

 

 

Hamid Sadeghipour

                                                                                                                 10.10.2008

 

It seems to me with recent Kyrgyzstan earthquake with human being died, the earthquake research institutes are not able, completely, to predict the earthquakes. In one of the United States Geological Institute sites it is referred to the length of a fault and the influence on the prediction of the earthquakes. If this software is not distributed yet, it is necessary all countries and their provinces be equipped with it. If we agree with the principle of uncertainty, we can not determine, both, the place and time of occurrence of an event. But, the trends and statistics show us an interval of place-time.

We have to say, about the solar activity, that the sun activity from last days of December 2007 to 12 May 2008, more than 700 watts m-2 solar radiation. Therefore, if Kyrgyzstan earthquake is not as strong as Sichuan earthquake but the absorbed energy in recent month is appreciable. Besides, the solar magnetic field changes are in such a manner some strong activity occurred the day after the day of Kyrgyzstan earthquake occurrence. This event shows solar activities are important and even the changes of solar magnetic activity should be reported by NOAA institute of USA to Seismological research Institutes, and if there is a fee it is worth to pay for.

 

 

Hamid Sadeghipour

                                                                                  09-09-2008

The material damages from earthquakes are not less than human and psychological. By predicting earthquakes we can avoid killing of people but we have to follow research to reduce the material damages. For example, yesterday, after a long more and less quiet activity, a strong earthquake happened in Vanuatu region. Peking was shaking, before Sichuan earthquake for a long time, in a very quiet manner. The volcanologists believe these are the quiet impacts of magma to the crest. If at that time we were drilling the wells deeper than usual and using the energy for producing electrical power, may be we were not facing the Sichuan earthquake. When we write about China these results could be used by other countries as well.  The solar activities of 1962 caused several strong earthquakes in Iran and this dander exists yet and specially during the year 2016-17 following the solar cycles. In addition after each solar activity we have to be alerted and predict a strong earthquake. As a result, heat exhausts from from the deep wells should be controlled and these heats should be used for power to have a double control.

It is good to have a look to a wave equation used in seismic area:  Θ =Aei(kx-wt).erz

We can show each point on a plane by two coordinates x and y perpendicular to each other or with a distance and an angle θ. If x is large  θ is small  it means if  a large area is active the layer has small thickness. In addition if the sun activity is strong it takes a large area  and increases this small  thickness  and as it is active in a large area it produces a a strong earthquake. If a region like Peking is active, increase of energy can causes a strong earthquake. This is true for other region of the earth and care should be taken. Therefore,

 Long and weak seismic activities of the earth could be dangerous after a strong solar activity and preventive care should be taken.

 

 

Hamid Sadeghipour

                                                  -1-                                                                                                   

                                                                        06-May-2008

If we draw concentric circles with the center of Andreanof Islands over the Earth,  one of these circles passes from west coast of Korea) weak tsunami) and another one from Chile, from Chaitén volcano in Chile, erupted recently.  Whatever the reason for this eruption could be, if we draw again concentric circles with Chaitén as the center,  one of these circles passes from the place the Earthquake happened and it seems the place of earthquake occurrence is on a fault passing over one of these circles. It is necessary to add the points like Andreanof Islands, Royalty Islands , and etc according to their nature are randomly active and cause earthquakes and International society instead of loosing too much on earthquakes, has better to reduce the effects of them. In my other articles I wrote on some solutions.

 

 

 

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The strong earthquakes of current year and other earthquakes have two important characteristics. One is the impacts of tectonics plate edges and the other magma movement. Magma movement is under the sun activity and its own dynamic equilibrium. It means magma move in northern hemisphere from equator to North Pole. By the way the earth has a turning movement around itself from west to east. The result of these two vectors, are the vector of south west- north east in northern hemisphere and the vector of south east- northwest in southern hemisphere. the extension along these line in other hemisphere could be important as well.

In other words, the earthquakes of Solomon Islands, Santa cruise islands, Indonesia, Mariana Islands and New Guinea Papua all are around tectonics edges of Pacific Ocean.

By convection of magma, magma relative to its velocity goes up in the magma columns. Expansion in some points of the column results to reactions in the shape of eruptions or in the shape of earthquakes releasing energy. Of course  other earthquakes  with other  causes are happening. The recent earthquakes of Santa cruise, .. New Zealand are the same as mentioned above. Take a series of strong earthquakes of last days, more than intensity of five, in the Pacific Ocean, into consideration. In northern hemisphere, Mariana Islands earthquake happens, after that, Indonesia tremor, and it is transferred to Coral Sea, Loyalty Islands, and at the end New Zealand 7.4 earthquake  after some earthquake  of more then 5 Richter. This is the same case as Peru earthquake.   Coral islands and magma columns, magma columns does not allow the movement of two tectonics plate one under the other.

Countries like Australia, New Zealand, New Guinea Papua, Indonesia, could by drilling wells in coral sea of Australia, and mining exploitation avoid increasing  seismisity of the region. Of course, how this project is practical depend on the study of these countries on the subject.

 

 

Hamid Sadeghipour

                                                                                29-04-2008

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In one of my articles I referred to penetration of water in the faults and it is necessary to mention again the importance of this point of view. Take a piece of wood and cut a narrow band from it. Displace this narrow band a little higher. Some empty space is created. If we neglect the folding, the mountains like this narrow piece of wood are separated from the earth crest by the action of magma and came up. The magma, now, is placed higher from his entourage and there are two faults. The heat is going up from these two faults. This year cold winter has caused the contraction of magma. Besides, the volcanic activities in the Pacific Ocean have reduced the level of magma in general inside the earth. If any water penetrates to these empty spaces by creating pressure could cause the earthquake. Most of earthquakes are in the plains in the vicinity of mountains, therefore it is necessary, wherever an earthquakes happens, in the upper part of the fault, a horizontal concrete  channel be built and the water be transported to lower level. Of course channels, small rivers or brooks present in upper part of the fault should be in concrete to avoid the water penetration inside the fault. The irrigation in both sides of the fault should be dripping or artificial raining for gardens and farming. If these works be realized during next years gradually, the experiences from them could show us the right way.

One of the patterns, frequently, I see recently, is related to shock phenomena in the real gases with supersonic speed. This pattern is like the symbol of heart with the summit on the center of coordination axes and the horizontal line parallel to the x’s-axe but without the ripple. Some explanation could be useful. You have seen certainly the sprayer to spray water over the leaves of flower-pot vegetables, sprayer for pest control or pest control lancers. They are used to spray liquids with the angles near the right angle to surface of orifice of sprayer. But in the case of lancers you can adjust this angle and it can be closed and narrow like a bud or open like a flower blossom. Now we suppose the measurement of this angle over x’s-axe and if we divide the pressure of the liquid outside the orifice of the lancers to pressure of the liquid inside the tank and take the logarithm of this division and take this number over y’s-axe the pattern of heart are produced every time we have shock. Anytime we have only a sole pressure outside the lancer orifice, there are no shocks. When the speed of the liquid outside the orifice is high, the air is compressed and two pressures are produced creating a shock. For example, sometimes, the pressure of magma under the ocean floor is   increased and a shock appears causing some earthquake.  This pattern could be seen in Turkey earthquakes. If you place the summit of the pattern somewhere in southern Ethiopia the upper semi-horizontal line could be over the southern coast of Black Sea . This pattern could be shorter, longer, smaller or bigger. In Iran , you can place the summit in the southern curvature of the coast near Lengueh port and the upper line that passes by Yazd . Even the mountains shapes could follow this pattern. These patterns could be created some millions of year before. Magma has erupted through a fissure. We do not have the real gas but maybe the hot magma was so hot and plenty of pressure that layers over it behaved like air toward this liquid. I read a book about supersonic shocks and studied such a pattern over a year. If I do not write it, I forget it. I hope it is true and useful.

 

Hamid Sadeghipour

                      1                                25-3-2008

Khalkhal earthquake shows us the world is like a chain linked together through his rings. If in the south of Iran , Zagross chain   goes to south-east and then to east Iranian desert and makes pressure, east Iranian desert makes pressure on Alborz chain and recent China earthquakes increase this pressure.  We have all of us our own activities and do not suspect ourselves we might be, as well, guilty to create such a situation. And when it is our turn to bear a disaster, if we have military forces we try to take others as guilty and punish them, and worsening the situation. The recent earthquakes might be from the recent heat wave and petroleum exploitation in Iran and Iraq . It seems to me a precise control of petroleum exploitation could have a great help to the present situation. Of course, the civil works like creating channels or roads could reduce the stresses. The   problem is a macro-tectonics having the root on Earth and Sun activities